The Scottish government has said it wants the country's towns and cities to be free of emissions from petrol and diesel vehicles by 2050.
It has published a "roadmap" setting out its plans to help businesses and motorists switch to electric vehicles.
The government is to spend more than £14m over the next two years replacing its fleet of petrol and diesel vehicles with electric alternatives.
It will also install charging points at all of its main buildings.
The Switched On Scotland document was produced alongside experts from industry, academia and environmental bodies, and sets out the plan to drive forward the uptake of electric vehicles in Scotland.
Among its commitments are that by 2050, Scottish towns, cities and communities will be free from the "damaging effects" of petrol and diesel fuelled vehicles.
By 2040 almost all new vehicles sold will be near zero-emission at the tailpipe; and by 2030 half of all fossil-fuelled vehicles will be phased out of urban environments across Scotland.
Grants of up to £5,000 are available towards the purchase cost of an electric car, with up to £8,000 available for the purchase of an electric van.
Scottish households that buy an electric vehicle will also continue to receive a 100% grant for a home charging point.
The government has also pledged to provide new ways of supporting motorists to adopt electric vehicles by providing expert advice on their environmental and financial benefits.